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Sportvoeding voor tijdens en na je triathlon ?

Sports nutrition for during and after your triathlon?

, by Ronald, 4 min reading time


Sports nutrition is important during a triathlon to replenish the body's energy and fluid needs. There are different types of sports nutrition that triathletes can use during the race.

Sports nutrition is important during a triathlon to replenish the body's energy and fluid needs.

There are several types of sports nutrition that triathletes can use during the race, including:

  1. Energy gels: As previously mentioned, energy gels are a popular source of quick energy and contain carbohydrates and electrolytes.

  2. Sports Drinks: Sports drinks contain carbohydrates and electrolytes that help replace fluid and energy during the race.

  3. Bars: Depending on the length of the triathlon, solid foods such as energy bars can be a good source of nutrients.

  4. Salt tablets: During the race, losing salt can lead to muscle cramps and exhaustion. Salt tablets can help replenish the body's sodium and electrolyte balance.

It is important to experiment with sports nutrition during training to see which types and amounts work best for your body. Excessive use of sports nutrition can lead to digestive problems, so it is important to follow the recommended dosages. It is also important to drink enough water and electrolytes to prevent dehydration.

Please note that sports nutrition during the race should be used as a supplement to a healthy diet and not as a replacement for it. Only eat and drink what you know works well for your body and ensure a good balance between nutrition, hydration and performance.

During a triathlon it is important to consume sufficient fluid and electrolytes to prevent dehydration and muscle cramps.

Sports drinks can help with this because they contain carbohydrates and electrolytes that can quickly replenish the body and help replenish and maintain the body's energy stores. Below are some examples of sports drinks that you can drink during a triathlon:

  1. Isotonic sports drinks: Isotonic sports drinks usually contain between 4-8% carbohydrates and electrolytes in the same ratio as in the body. They can be quickly absorbed by the body and help to maintain the body's energy and fluid balance.

  2. Hypertonic sports drinks: Hypertonic sports drinks contain more than 8% carbohydrates and less electrolytes than the body. They are less effective than isotonic sports drinks because they are absorbed more slowly by the body, but they can be useful during the race when you need extra energy.

  3. Hypotonic sports drinks: Hypotonic sports drinks contain less than 4% carbohydrates and more electrolytes than the body. They can be quickly absorbed by the body and help maintain the body's electrolyte balance. However, they are less effective than isotonic sports drinks at replenishing the body's energy stores.

It is important to experiment with different types of sports drinks during training to see which ones work best for your body. Choose a sports drink that you like and that is well tolerated by your stomach and intestines. Drink small amounts of sports drinks regularly during the race and combine this with water to prevent dehydration.

After a triathlon it is important to provide your body with the right nutrients to recover and rehydrate. Here are some suggestions for recovery drinks:

  1. Chocolate milk: Chocolate milk is an excellent recovery drink because of the combination of carbohydrates and proteins. It helps to rebuild glycogen and repair muscles

  2. Coconut water: Coconut water is rich in electrolytes and hydrates the body well after intensive exercise such as a triathlon.

  3. Protein shakes: Protein shakes are a good source of protein necessary for muscle recovery after the effort of the triathlon.

  4. Green smoothies: Green smoothies are rich in antioxidants and nutrients that help the body recover after an intense workout.

It is important to remember that after a triathlon the body also needs sufficient water to rehydrate. Therefore, always drink enough water, in addition to the above drinks, to prevent dehydration.

What do you eat the night before your triathlon?

The evening before a triathlon it is important to ensure sufficient energy and maximize the glycogen stores in your body. Here are some tips for what to eat the night before your triathlon:
  1. Carbohydrates: Carbohydrates are the body's main source of energy and are therefore important to eat the night before your triathlon. For example, choose pasta, rice, potatoes, bread or quinoa.

  2. Proteins: Proteins are important for muscle recovery and maintenance. For example, eat chicken, fish, lean meat, eggs or tofu.

  3. Vegetables: Vegetables contain important vitamins and minerals that your body needs to function properly. For example, choose broccoli, cauliflower, carrots, peppers, spinach or lettuce.

  4. Avoid heavy meals: Avoid heavy, fatty and difficult to digest meals that can slow down your digestion and make you feel bloated.

  5. Stay hydrated: Drink plenty of water and avoid alcohol and caffeine, which can cause dehydration.

An example of a good meal the night before a triathlon could be: a portion of whole wheat pasta with tomato sauce and grilled chicken, with steamed vegetables and a salad. Remember to eat well in advance so that your meal can digest properly before you go to sleep.

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Sports nutrition for during and after your triathlon?